January 11, 2017

Natural Disaster Resilience

2016 was a big year for natural disasters around the world, particularly strong, damaging earthquakes in Taiwan, Italy, New Zealand, Japan, and Indonesia [1]. BMP looks at the role of engineers in building resilience against natural disasters in Australia.

Hazards and Natural Disasters in Australia

Australia is at risk of hazards such as major droughts, uncontrolled bush fires, flooding, heatwaves, tsunami, landslides, and earthquakes [2].

Natural hazards become disasters when the physical and environmental factors overwhelm the human capacity to respond, influenced by factors such as social vulnerability, emergency pre-planning, and adaptive capacity [3].

For example, the hazardous and devastating Black Saturday bushfires in 2009 were a disaster because they killed hundreds of people and caused billions of dollars of insured damage [3].

Black Saturday Bushfires, 2009 (AAP/Andrew Brownbill)

Other declared disasters in recent decades include, the Millennium Drought between 1995-2009; the Sydney hailstorm in 1999; Cyclone Larry in 2006; floods in Queensland in 2011; and the NSW bushfires in 2013 [3].

Despite having no fault lines running through the country, Australia is also considered as one of the world’s most active intraplate regions, with a number of seismic hot spots [4].More than 20 independent earthquakes of 6.0 or more magnitude in the last 100 years have occurred in Australia [4]. The Meckering earthquake in 1968 was a natural disaster because the hazardous earthquake damaged many public buildings such as schools and hospitals [5].

The damage to Meckering was an important milestone for earthquake standards in Australia. After the disaster, the AS2121 Australian earthquake code was introduced, which recognised the need for strong infrastructure holding critical services to stay operational during earthquake recovery [4].

Meckering Public Hall earthquake damage, 1968.

Resilience of Buildings to Natural Disasters

The National Construction Code (NCC) and the Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB) have standards for buildings to be designed to withstand climate related natural hazards [6]. There are also many Australian standards which address natural hazards:

  • ABCB Flood Standard and Handbook
  • AS 3959-2009, Construction of buildings in bushfire-prone areas
  • AS 1170.4-2007, Structural design actions – Earthquake actions in Australia

Barmco Mana McMurray recognises the importance of the built environment being resilient to natural hazards. We value human safety, the continuity of business, and reducing damage costs during natural disasters.

Throughout the building lifecycle, from concept development, design, base construction, fit out, occupation and use, to maintenance and eventual renovation, BMM takes into account the management of risks and hazards and the compliance with building codes and standards.

The Cost of Natural Disasters

The social costs and loss of life of natural disasters to a community can be devastating. There are also very large economic costs involved. In 2015 natural disasters in Australia cost over $9 billion, and this is projected to increase to an average of $33 billion each year by 2050 [7]. This includes the cost of restoring essential public infrastructure such as roads, railways, and hospitals [7].

Therefore, robust infrastructure is a foundation for a safe and resilient community, and disaster resilience must be incorporated into the planning of infrastructure.

Climate Hazards and Environmental Responsibility

The occurrences of more extreme climate events and natural hazards in the future can be attributed to climate change, as increased global temperatures raise the risk of drought, higher storm intensity, and cyclones [8]. Barmco Mana is aware of the responsibility it has for the environment, and aims to do their part through waste streaming and promoting energy efficiency.

Resilience against natural disasters is a consideration in all aspects of the building life-cycle, and BMM considers the safety of our clients and the future community users in all of our buildings.


Image: View over central Italy after earthquake in August 2016 (ABC news)

[1] LiveScience, 2016. Biggest Natural Disasters of 2016: Year of the Earthquake,

[2] Australian Government, 2016. Natural Disasters,

[3] Sewell, T., Stephens, R. E., Dominey-Howes, D., Bruce, E., & Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S., 2016. Disaster declarations associated with bushfires, floods and storms in New South Wales, Australia between 2004 and 2014. Scientific reports, 6.

[4] McCue, K., 2013. The risk to lifelines from earthquakes in Australia and in Canberra in particular, Australian Seismological Centre,

[5] Australian Earthquake Engineering Society, 2016. 1968 Meckering.

[6] ABCB, 2014. Resilience of Buildings to Extreme Weather Events Final Paper.

[7] Red Cross, 2016. Natural Disasters to Cost Australia 33 Billion per Year.

[8] Earth Observatory, 2016. The Impact of Climate Change on Natural Disasters.

About bmpadmin

48 Commnets
  1. These are in fact great ideas in on the topic of blogging.
    You have touched some pleasant factors here. Any way keep up wrinting.

  2. Hello! I’ve been reading your site for some
    time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Houston Texas!

    Just wanted to mention keep up the fantastic

  3. Hi there, I wish for to subscribe for this web site to take most
    up-to-date updates, thus where can i do it please assist.

  4. Good way of describing, and fastidious piece of writing to obtain facts on the topic of my presentation subject, which i
    am going to present in institution of higher education.

  5. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great.
    I don’t know who you are but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger
    if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  6. Thanks for any other informative web site. Where else could I am getting that kind of information written in such
    a perfect approach? I’ve a venture that I’m simply now operating on, and I’ve been on the look out for such information.

  7. Thanks for some other great article. The place else
    may just anybody get that kind of info in such a perfect method
    of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and I am on the search for such info.

  8. Hey I am so delighted I found your website, I
    really found you by error, while I was researching on Askjeeve
    for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like
    to say kudos for a incredible post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I
    don’t have time to go through it all at the moment but I have bookmarked
    it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to
    read more, Please do keep up the awesome jo.

  9. Hello! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with
    us so I came to look it over. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Excellent blog and amazing style and design.

  10. wonderful put up, very informative. I’m wondering why the other experts
    of this sector don’t understand this. You must continue your
    writing. I’m sure, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  11. It’s difficult to find well-informed people on this topic, however, you sound like you know what you’re talking about!

  12. I am curious to find out what blog platform you happen to
    be working with? I’m experiencing some minor security issues
    with my latest blog and I would like to find something more risk-free.
    Do you have any solutions?

  13. It’s going to be finish of mine day, except before finish I am reading this wonderful piece
    of writing to increase my experience.

  14. each time i used to read smaller posts that as well clear their motive, and that
    is also happening with this piece of writing which I am reading at this place.

  15. Hi to all, how is the whole thing, I think every one
    is getting more from this web site, and your views are nice in favor
    of new viewers.

  16. Wonderful beat ! I wish to apprentice whilst you amend your web site, how can i subscribe
    for a weblog site? The account aided me a appropriate deal.
    I have been a little bit familiar of this your broadcast offered brilliant
    transparent concept

  17. Fascinating blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog stand out.
    Please let me know where you got your theme. With thanks

  18. If you want to grow your know-how only keep visiting
    this website and be updated with the newest information posted here.

  19. I’m gone to say to my little brother, that he should also pay a quick visit this
    web site on regular basis to obtain updated from newest reports.

  20. After going over a number of the blog posts on your site, I truly appreciate your way of
    blogging. I saved it to my bookmark website list and will
    be checking back soon. Please check out my web site as well and tell me what you think.

  21. Nice blog here! Also your web site loads up
    very fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link
    to your host? I wish my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  22. I do consider all the ideas you have offered to your post.
    They are very convincing and will definitely work.
    Nonetheless, the posts are too short for beginners.
    May just you please lengthen them a little from next time?
    Thank you for the post.

  23. Excellent way of explaining, and good article to take facts about my presentation subject matter, which i am
    going to convey in school.

  24. I always used to read piece of writing in news papers but now as
    I am a user of web thus from now I am using net for articles or reviews, thanks to

  25. Your method of telling all in this post is really fastidious, all be able
    to simply understand it, Thanks a lot.

  26. Usually I don’t read article on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very
    compelled me to try and do so! Your writing style has
    been amazed me. Thank you, quite great post.

  27. It is in point of fact a nice and useful piece
    of info. I am satisfied that you shared this helpful information with
    us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  28. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thanks, However I am having problems with your RSS.

    I don’t know the reason why I am unable to subscribe to it.
    Is there anyone else having the same RSS issues? Anyone who knows
    the answer can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  29. You could definitely see your enthusiasm in the work you write.
    The arena hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to mention how they
    believe. At all times follow your heart.

  30. Aw, this was an exceptionally good post. Spending some time and actual effort to produce a really
    good article… but what can I say… I put things off a
    whole lot and never manage to get anything done.

  31. I think the admin of this website is really working hard for his web page, for the reason that
    here every data is quality based information.

  32. I am sure this paragraph has touched all the internet visitors, its really really pleasant paragraph on building up new weblog.

  33. I was wondering if you ever considered changing the page layout of your blog?

    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so
    people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text
    for only having 1 or two pictures. Maybe you could space it out

  34. We stumbled over here from a different web address and thought I might check things out.
    I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward to finding out about your web page for a second time.

  35. I am extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
    Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to
    see a nice blog like this one these days.

  36. Hi there friends, how is everything, and what
    you want to say on the topic of this piece of writing, in my view its truly amazing
    in support of me.

  37. Good Information for College students, Personal & Govt.

  38. I like what you guys are up too. This sort of clever work and
    reporting! Keep up the great works guys I’ve included you guys to blogroll.

  39. This post will help the internet viewers for creating new
    webpage or even a weblog from start to end.

  40. Hi, I log on to your blog daily. Your humoristic style is
    awesome, keep doing what you’re doing!

  41. I’d have to examine with you here. Which is not one thing I usually do! I take pleasure in reading a post that may make folks think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to comment!

  42. “wow, awesome article.Really thank you!”

  43. Hello! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a
    quick shout out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading
    through your articles. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that go over the same subjects?
    Thank you!

  44. This is the perfect website for anyone who wishes to find out about this topic.
    You know a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you
    (not that I really will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a
    brand new spin on a subject which has been written about for many years.

    Excellent stuff, just excellent!

  45. Right away I am going to do my breakfast, afterward having my breakfast
    coming yet again to read additional news.

  46. Hey There. I discovered your blog the use of msn. That is an extremely
    well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to learn extra of your helpful information. Thank you for
    the post. I will definitely return.

  47. This paragraph is genuinely a fastidious one it assists new internet people, who are
    wishing in favor of blogging.

  48. Since the admin of this web page is working, no doubt very quickly it will be renowned, due to its feature contents.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *